Categories

Garlic Mustard, Jack-By-The-Hedge

Alliaria petiolata

Garlic Mustard

Description

Garlic Mustard belongs to the Brassicaceae family and is not related to Garlic but to Mustard and also to Horseradish.

Alliaria petiolata grows either biennially or perennially and can reach a height of up to one metre. In Central Europe, the flowering period lasts from April to July.

Alliaria petiolata

Distribution/regions

Alliaria petiolata is native to the most parts of Europe (Northern Europe, Central Europe, Southern Europe). Its area of distribution reaches as far as Africa (Northern Africa) and Asia (Caucasus, Western Asia, Middle Asia, Eastern Asia, tropical Asia).

In North America, it is considered to be an invasive plant.

Garlic Mustard in a meadow
Garlic Mustard in a meadow.

Alliaria petiolata grows along roadsides, in meadows, woods, along hedges, in parks and gardens.

It can also survive on nutrient-poor sites, but remains smaller there than in humus-rich soil.

Uses

Young leaves and shoots can be used raw as a culinary herb. They can also be prepared like spinach, but lose some of their flavour when cooked.

Garlic Mustard leaves

Pollinators

Garlic Mustard can pollinate by itself, but is often visited by flies, bees and beetles.

Valgus hemipterus on Garlic Mustard
Valgus hemipterus on Garlic Mustard.

Common names

Dutch
Look-zonder-look

French
Alliaire Officinale, Herbe à Ail

German
Knoblauchsrauke, Gemeines Lauchkraut, Knoblauchskraut

Italian
Alliaria comune

Portuguese
Erva-alheira

Spanish
Aliaria, hierba del ajo

Garlic Mustard by the wayside
Garlic Mustard by the wayside.
Garlic Mustard on an embankment
Garlic Mustard on an embankment.
Jack-By-The-Hedge
Jack-By-The-Hedge in early December.

Jack-By-The-Hedge in the snow

Garlic Mustard between bushes
Garlic Mustard between bushes.

Alliaria petiolata