Tussilago farfara

Coltsfoot

Tussilago farfara

Description

Coltsfoot (Tussilago farfara) is a perennial deciduous plant. Its flowers appear before the leaves, the flowering period can start as early as February and last until May.

It spreads by runners and seeds. This member of the Daisy family grows between 10 and 30 centimetres high.

It can also be found in urban areas. Some of the photos shown here were taken in front of my home, where coltsfoot has been blooming and thriving in front of the wall for several years.

Tussilago farfara

Countries

The natural range of coltsfoot covers most European countries and extends to North Africa and tropical Asia (India). In Iceland, New Zealand and North America it grows as a naturalized species.

Northern Europe: Denmark, Finland, Great Britain, Ireland, Norway, Sweden
Central Europe: Belgium, Germany, Netherlands, Austria, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland, Czech Republic, Hungary
Eastern Europe: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russia, Ukraine
Southeast Europe: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy, Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
South West Europe: France, Portugal, Spain

Tussilago farfara

Uses

Coltsfoot is used as a medicinal plant, for example for colds or viral infects.

Tussilago farfara

Pollinators

Tussilago farfara is pollinated by wild bees, honey bees, flies and beetles.

Coltsfoot with Honey Bee
Coltsfoot with Honey Bee

Common names

Dutch
Klein hoefblad

French
Tussilage, Pas-d’Âne

German
Huflattich

Italian
Tossilaggine comune

Portuguese
Tussilagem, unha-de-cavalo, unha-de-asno

Spanish
Uña de caballo, tusílago, fárfara, pie de mulo, pata de mula

Coltsfoot flowers

Coltsfoot in front of house wall
Coltsfoot in front of house wall
Coltsfoot
Wilted coltsfoot

Tussilago farfara